Cotton Kingdom: Cotton, Enslavement, and the Civil War

Cotton Kingdom1833–1865

By 1840, there were more enslaved African Americans than whites living in Mississippi. White Mississippians were determined to preserve slavery, even if it meant leaving the United States that they had so recently joined. What would become of “Cotton Kingdom”—and newly freed African Americans—during four long years of war?

  • See some of the earliest photographs taken in Mississippi.
  • Compare the lives of an enslaved family, a yeoman farmer, and a wealthy planter by peering into their homes.
  • Examine how battlefield medical techniques advanced medical science.